關於部落格
文學的、政治的、哲學的
  • 5749

    累積人氣

  • 0

    今日人氣

    0

    追蹤人氣

Colm Tóibín:大師

 

《大師》以第三人稱的寫作筆法,描繪了Henry James在創作出《慾望之翼》前五年的低潮期(1895-1899),Colm TóibínHenry James的劇作在倫敦首演失敗為切入點,細膩地剖析Henry James的內心世界,包含他的家庭生活,神學家父親Henry James1811-1882,他與父親同名),哲學家哥哥William James1842-1910),及其終生為精神官能症所苦的妹妹Alice James,當然也包含了Henry James壓抑的同性戀傾向,以及他和美國小說家Constance Fenimore Woolson之間曖昧(親密又疏離)、長期的友誼(Constance後來自殺,James對此耿耿於懷)。

整體而言,英國《衛報》Adam Mars-Jones的評論還算中肯,他說:Tóibín has been wise about which elements to adopt, which to jettison. He borrows James's vocabulary and register, but not the whole manner. Above all, he abstains from the long sentence, which made so many of James's effects possible - the oracular murmur, the air of paralysed scruple, the flaunted subtlety (God, how the man could badger a nuance). There was always wit in James, but the long sentence drowned it.

Those long sentences were tracts of prose in which James could play, sing and spout like a frock-coated whale, or else disappear inside a cloud of his own secreted ink like a giant squid of New England gentility. We shall not read their like again, with any luck. At the beginning of the book, Tóibín can only be at a disadvantage, since his writing is so much thinner in texture than the original, but long before its end he has achieved a triumph on his own terms.

(評論全文請見:http://books.guardian.co.uk/reviews/generalfiction/0,,1154220,00.html#article_continue

 

其實這本書單單看熱鬧,就已經夠讓人暈眩。

沒錯,裡頭實在是「眾星雲集」!

例如,Oscar Wilde(王爾德,因同性戀被判刑),以及當其時為王爾德辯護的葉慈、或是告誡王爾德的蕭伯納。(Adam Mars-Jones對王爾德的形容詞很有趣,他形容王爾德是a self-destructive butterfly,大家參考一下囉!)

此外,愛默生、喬治‧艾略特、拜倫、雪萊也都在裡面「串場」。

 

 

至於Henry James其人,他在紐約市出生,但長年居住在歐洲,其小說創作可分為三個時期:第一階段,主要關心美國生活對古老歐洲文明的影響;第二階段,專寫英國題材的故事;第三階段,回復到表現英美兩國的情況。黛絲.米勒(Daisy Miller)是他1878年的作品,他的其作品包括《奉使記》(The Ambassadors, 1903)、《美國人》(The American,1877) 、《歐洲人》(The Europeans,1878)、《貴婦的肖像》(The Portrait of a Lady, 1881)、《華盛頓廣場》(Washington Square,1881)等等。

目前台灣已出版的中文譯本有:《戴絲‧米勒》、《一位女士的畫像》、《亨利‧詹姆斯中篇小說選》及《碧爐冤孽》。

(建議參考維基自由百科:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_James

 

 

以下是Colm Tóibín的獲獎記錄:

 

1990   Whitbread First Novel Award   (shortlist)   The South

1991   Irish Times Irish Literature Prize for First Book   The South

1992   Encore Award   The Heather Blazing

1994   Waterstone's/Volvo/Esquire Non-Fiction Book Award   (shortlist)   The Sign of the Cross: Travels in Catholic Europe

1995   E. M. Forster Award   (American Academy of Arts and Letters)

1998   Ferro-Grumley Award for Lesbian and Gay Fiction   The Story of the Night

1999   Booker Prize for Fiction   (shortlist)   The Blackwater Lightship

2001   International IMPAC Dublin Literary Award   (shortlist)   The Blackwater Lightship

2004   Man Booker Prize for Fiction   (shortlist)   The Master

2005   British Book Awards Literary Fiction Award   (shortlist)   The Master

2005   Los Angeles Times Book Prize (Fiction)   The Master

2005   Prix du Meilleur Livre Étranger (France)   The Master

2005   WH Smith Literary Award   (shortlist)   The Master

2006   International IMPAC Dublin Literary Award   The Master

 

 

相簿設定
標籤設定
相簿狀態